Lithium battery” is a kind of battery that uses lithium metal or a lithium alloy as the negative electrode material and uses a non-aqueous electrolyte solution. In 1912, lithium metal battery was first proposed and studied by Gilbert N. Lewis. In the 1970s, MS Whittingham proposed and Lithium-ion batteries have been studied. Due to the very active chemical properties of lithium metal, the processing, storage, and use of lithium metal are very demanding on the environment. With the development of science and technology, lithium batteries have become the mainstream.
Lithium batteries can be roughly divided into two categories: lithium metal batteries and lithium ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries do not contain metallic lithium and are rechargeable. The fifth-generation lithium-metal battery of rechargeable batteries was born in 1996, and its safety, specific capacity, self-discharge rate, and performance price ratio are better than lithium-ion batteries. Due to its own high technical requirements, only a few companies in the country are producing such lithium metal batteries.


Working principle

Lithium metal battery:
A lithium metal battery is generally a battery using manganese dioxide as a positive electrode material, metallic lithium or an alloy metal thereof as a negative electrode material, and a nonaqueous electrolyte solution.
Discharge reaction: Li+MnO2=LiMnO2
Lithium-Ion Battery:
A lithium ion battery is generally a battery using a lithium alloy metal oxide as a positive electrode material, graphite as a negative electrode material, and a nonaqueous electrolyte.
The reaction occurring on the charged positive electrode is
LiCoO2==Li(1-x)CoO2+XLi++Xe-(electron)
The reaction occurring on the charging negative electrode is
6C+XLi++Xe- = LixC6
Rechargeable battery total reaction: LiCoO2+6C = Li(1-x)CoO2+LixC6

The lithium battery charger is a charger designed to charge lithium-ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries have higher requirements on chargers and require protection circuits. Therefore, lithium battery chargers usually have high control precision and can perform constant current and constant voltage charging on lithium-ion batteries.

Features

1. Ideal control circuit for single-section or 8.4V dual-cell Li-Ion or Li-Polymer battery chargers;
2. Voltage accuracy higher than 1 [%];
3. The precharge process allows the user to change the precharge current;
4. Constant current charging, adjustable charging current;
5. Constant voltage charging process;
6. Automatic recharging process;
7. Temperature monitoring during charging;
8. LED charging status indication;
9. Detection of abnormal battery status;
10. When the power supply voltage is low, it is in a low-power sleep mode, and the battery leakage current is extremely small;
11. Very few peripheral components.